WHAT IS
ATRIAL FIBRILLATION? (AF)

Atrial Fibrillation is an irregular heart rate that affects the upper chambers of the heart (atria). It prevents blood from being pumped efficiently to the rest of your body.

Video simulating a atrial fibrillation heart rhythm. Taking care of your heart

Normal heart rhythm

Atrial Fibrillation Rhythm

TYPES OF
ATRIAL FIBRILLATION (A.F.)


Comes and goes. It stops on its own.
It occurs from minutes to days.
In this stage, AF has more options for treatment.

It lasts for more than a week.
It will not stop on its own.
It can become permanent.
Treatment options are less than with paroxysmal AF

Continuous atrial fibrillation; the heart cannot return to its normal rhythm. Treatment options are very limited

Doctor explaining to the patient the steps to follow with heart disease. Taking care of your heart

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF
ATRIAL FIBRILLATION? (A.F.)


The causes of AF are often unclear. In some cases, AF may be the result of:

  • Heart abnormality from birth
  • Damage to the heart structure from a previous heart attack
  • Heart valve problems
  • Aging process (elderly patients have more AF)
  • Atrial size (bigger atria have more chance of developing AF)

People with otherwise normal hearts may also develop AF.

RISK
FACTORS


NON-CONTROLLABLE


  • Family history
  • Advancing age
  • Heart disorders from birth

CONTROLLABLE


  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Excess weight
  • Smoking
  • Lack of exercise
  • Alcohol intake
  • Sleep apnea
  • Caffeine
  • Some medications

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When discussing with your doctor, you may want to use this document to help guide the conversation

When discussing with your doctor, you may want to use this document to help guide the conversation

Step 1

What is A.F.?

Step 2